13_Carlos Esponda: Navigation and Pedestrian Mobility
Author:Carlos Esponda Function: Architect - Master of Territory and Landscape, Site location: Chiapas, Mexico. Name of the project as a title: Navigation and pedestrian mobility.
Project video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sGuP0WWGnUU
PEDESTRIAN NAVIGATION IN THE HISTORICAL CENTER OF SANTIAGO, CHILE
The maps presented are the partial results of the thesis: "Navigation and pedestrian mobility" in the historic center of Santiago, Chile. Conducted in the graduate program: Master of Territory and Landscape, University Diego Portales in Santiago de Chile. The research sought to reveal the actual degree of interaction between the system of streets, walkways and galleries in the historic center of Santiago. Realizing that, besides being an atypical pedestrian system, the historic center or foundational triangle is practically the only point of the city that is mixed socially (MOP, 1999), with a large concentration of pedestrian flow in this public space.
While public space is "an order of visibilities intended to host a plurality of uses or plurality of perspectives that implies deep. It is an order of interactions, thus presupposes reciprocity of perspectives. These two agreements make public space a sensitive area, evolving into bodies. An area of expertise i.e. practical knowledge held for not only those who conceptualized (architects and urban planners) but also by ordinary users "(Joseph, 1999). For this reason identifying, understanding and revealing a new perspective of the historic center, by analyzing browsing behavior in public space.
While the concept of pedestrian navigation according to Garling (1988) refers to navigation as a predetermined route to follow between an origin and a specified destination, related with: time and shorter paths, minimal cost and effort. With reference to the objectives to be achieved during the trip, navigation is presented as an optimizing model, which is not as rigidly limited, treated as a separate object, that of which may be introduced emotion, courage, considerations of belief and favorable limitations in the travel process.
Virtually all the pedestrian studies have been conducted using methods based on direct observation, photographs and films for data collection (Lovas, 1994). In this study we used the method of direct observation and principles of the original model of Hughes (2002), which describes the movement in large crowds, understanding that pedestrians generally move as an entity and individual differences are minor.
The maps show the trajectory of 200 pedestrians of Santiago, conducted in July and August 2014.